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Official EU texts

  • [Unofficial] Indivigital created a tool allowing you to compare the EC’s proposal with the trilogue negotiations positions of the EP and Council
  • Original European Commission proposal for a Directive on Copyright in the Digital Single Market
  • Council text as agreed on during Bulgarian Presidency
  • EP negotiation position as adopted during the 12 September 2018 Plenary vote
  • Report adopted on 20 June 2018 in the JURI Committee (Erratum on Article 11 [Amendment 74])
  • Opinions of other European Parliament Committees: IMCO (Internal Market and Consumer Protection), CULT (Culture), LIBE (Civil Liberties) and ITRE (industry)
  • Formal comments of the European Data Protection Supervisor (EDPS)
  • European Parliamentary Research Service (EPRS) briefing on the copyright reform

Additional Reading

Please find below some excellent resources and articles for additional depth.

  • Statement of 29 June 2018 by academics: ‘The copyright Directive: Misinformation and Independent Enquiry’
  • Open Letter by 70+ Internet Luminaries Ring the Alarm on EU Copyright Filtering Proposal (11 June 2018)
  • Blog Post by  Paul Sieminski from Automattic, the company that created WordPress: ‘We’re Against Bots, Filtering, and the EU’s New Copyright Directive’ (12 June 2018)
  • Article by BBC News: ‘Copyright law could put an end to net memes’ (8 June 2018)
  • Article by Marius François in Le Figaro: ‘Un projet de loi européen pourrait menacer les mèmes sur Internet’ (in French – 8 June 2018)
  • Article by Glyn Moody in Arstechnica: ‘Illegal memes? Weak Safe Harbor? Unpacking the proposed EU copyright overhaul’ (12 June 2018)
  • Article by Mike Masnick in Techdirt: ‘Ending The Memes: EU Copyright Directive Is No Laughing Matter’ (12 June 2018)
  • Article by Pablo Romero in Publico: ‘Alerta: Europa puede cargarse la Wikipedia y los memes con sus normas sobre ‘copyright” (in Spanish – 12 June 2018)
  • Article by Elsa Trujillo on BFMtv: ‘Pourquoi les mèmes sur Internet sont en danger’ (in French  – 11 June 2018)
  • Article by Jochen G. Fuchs on t3n news: ‘ Vergesst die DSGVO: Das Netz verliert gerade seine Informationsfreiheit’ (in German – 11 June 2018)
  • Article by Sky News: ‘Memes ‘will be banned’ under new EU copyright law, warn campaigners’ (8 June 2018)
  • Article by Mollie Cahillane in Daily Mail: ‘Could this be the end of memes? EU’s proposed rules on copyright could kill off user-generated content, critics warn’ (8 June 2018)
  • Article by Futurezone Technology News: ‘Neues Urheberrecht könnte Aus für Memes bedeuten’ (in German – 8 June 2018)
  • Article by Emanuel Karlsten in Göteborgs-Posten: ‘Karlsten: En av vår generations största politiska ödesfrågor’ (in Swedish – 8 June 2018)
  • Article by Glyn Moody on BoingBoing: ‘ Of Dog’s Breakfasts, Article 13, and Mythbusting’ (7 June 2018)
  • Article by Jonathan Greig on TechRepublic: ‘EU copyright reform proposal: 3 things businesses need to know’ (8 June 2018)
  • Blog Post from Jan Gerlach of the Wikimedia Foundation on ‘Sacrificing freedom of expression and collaboration online to enforce copyright in Europe?’ (6 June 2018)
  • Blog Post from Wikimedia France on ‘Réforme européenne du droit d’auteur : menaces sur les projets Wikimedia’ (in French – 11 June 2018)
  • Blog Post by MEP Julia Reda (Germany, Greens/EFA, Shadow Rapporteur on the file) on How you can #SaveYourInternet from Article 13 and the “Link Tax” in the next 14 days (6 June 2018)
  • Heise news article on the copyright reform (in German)
  • Next Inpact news article on Article 13 (in French and partially behind a paywall)
  • Torrentfreak article ‘Judgment Day Nears for EU’s ‘Piracy Filters’ by Ernesto Van der Sar (4 June 2018)
  • Article by Thomas McMullan on Alphr: Article 13 could “destroy the internet as we know it”: What is it, why is it controversial and what will it mean for memes?
  • Communia blog: Article 13 in 3 flowcharts
  • Mozilla’s ChangeCopyright list of resources
  • European Digital Rights EDRi’s copyright reform document pool
  • Vox Scientia’s Censorship Machine 1-min, 10-min, 1-hour briefing pages
  • Github’s blog post on the impact on code sharing
  • Edima (trade association of tech companies) infographic on services likely to be affected by Article 13 (note: some versions of the text of Article 13 include partial carve-outs for code sharing platforms, online encyclopedia, online retail platforms and (B2C) cloud services but these are not without loopholes)

Analyses and statements by Academics

  • EU Copyright Reform Information Page of the University RCUK Centre for Copyright and New Business Models in the Creative Economy (CREATe)
  • Open Letter by Academics from 25 leading Intellectual Property research centres in Europe (24 May 2018)
  • Study by Dr. Christina Angelopoulos On Online Platforms and the Commission’s New Proposal for a Directive on Copyright in the Digital Single Market (January 2017)
  • Position Statement of the Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition on the Proposed Modernisation of European Copyright Rules. Part G – Use of Protected Content on Online Platforms
  • Contribution by the Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition in response to the questions raised by teh authorities of Belgium, the Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Ireland and the Netherlands to the Council Legal Service regarding Article 13 and Recital 38 of the Proposal for a Directive on Copyright in the Digital Single Market